Top of the World

first_imgBy Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaOver the past decade, the University of Georgia has been among the world’s 20 most cited institutions in agricultural sciences, according to “In-Cites,” a Web site that keeps tabs on the research that most catches the eye of scientists worldwide.In agricultural sciences, UGA is the 11th most cited among institutions worldwide, with 7,938 citations of its scientists’ research from Jan. 1, 1994, to June 30, 2004.In total citations, the university is fifth among U.S. universities, behind California-Davis, Wisconsin, Cornell and Iowa State. It’s first among universities in the South. In papers published in peer-reviewed, scientific journals, it ranks second in the nation behind only Cal-Davis.”In-Cites” is an editorial component of IS Essential Science Indicators, a Web resource that enables researchers to analyze research and track trends in science worldwide.”I am pleased,” said Josef Broder, interim dean of UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “This speaks well of the dedication and commitment of our scientists and the strong support which our research programs have received from the public and private sectors.”The 20 most-cited institutions in agricultural sciences emerged from a global pool of 298 institutions. They include both government agencies and large universities worldwide.Larry Beuchat, a distinguished research professor in the UGA Center for Food Safety in Griffin, Ga., was the third most cited agricultural scientist in the world over the past decade.Beuchat is a food microbiologist with groundbreaking studies on eliminating and controlling Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and other foodborne pathogens. He has authored, co-authored or edited five books and has published 110 papers in refereed scientific journals in the past five years.The most cited institution worldwide, with 38,877 citations, is the U.S. Department of Agriculture. France’s Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique is No. 2 with 21,070 citations.The world’s most cited university, at No. 3 with 13,996 citations, is Wageningen University in the Netherlands. Cal-Davis is fourth with 12,889 and Spain’s Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas fifth with 12,224.”The high ranking … is a testament to the talent and hard work of our faculty not only in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,” Broder said, “but also in Family and Consumer Sciences, Forestry, Arts and Sciences, and others who also pursue agriculturally related research.”The complete report can be found at read more

08 Garden insects

first_imgVolume XXXINumber 1Page 8 Many homeowners accept some insect damage, while others willtolerate none. The level of damage you deem acceptable largelydetermines the level of control required and can limit youroptions.You have five basic options for controlling insects. Besidessanitation, there are cultural, mechanical (or physical),biological and chemical control.SanitationWith the loss of Dursban and Diazinon, home gardeners have nolegal insecticides to control soil pests like white grubs andwireworms. Good sanitation is the first approach for controllingthese pests and will help with others, too.Remove all vegetation, including weeds, from your garden sitewhen it’s not in use. This makes the garden less hospitable forthese insects. If these pests move into the garden after theplants are well established, damage is much less severe.CulturalThese controls include selecting plants that resist or toleratecertain insects. And planting transplants, rather than seeds,avoids several pests that can attack germinating seeds and youngseedlings.Early transplanting and finishing the crop earlier in the yearavoids pest buildup in late spring and summer. If youdirect-seed, it may be better to delay planting so that seedsgerminate and grow fast, shortening the time they’re susceptibleto seedling pests.MechanicalThese are often the simplest and most overlooked controls.Physical barriers can prevent pests from reaching the crop untilit’s large enough to resist significant damage.In a small garden, or if pest populations are low, just pickpests off plants and squash them. It’s a simple, excellentapproach for many home gardens.BiologicalBeneficial insects can provide efficient control. They feed onthe insects that cause plant damage. But manipulating thebeneficial insects can be tough. Both pests and beneficialsreadily move.The most common and best approach to biological control is simplymanaging pests in a way that protects naturally occurringbeneficial insects. If you see pests in the garden, check to seeif anything is attacking them. Sometimes, all that’s needed is alittle time for nature to bring a pest population under control.ChemicalInsecticidal control is still one of the quickest, easiest waysto control insects. But use it only when necessary.Sticking to a strict spray schedule is a waste of money in mostcases. It may actually create pest problems by killingbeneficials. And it’s generally not good for the environment.Read and follow the label of each pesticide you use. Pay closeattention to the crops a pesticide can and can’t be used on andthe amount of time required between the last application andharvest.How all of these approaches can best be integrated into yourfinal insect management program depends on your needs for pestcontrol, crop quality and overall safety.Gardeners willing to tolerate some insect damage can generallygrow their plants with minimal use of insecticides. Those whorequire pest-free plants are often limited to a heavy reliance onpesticides.(Alton Sparks is a Cooperative Extension entomologist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.) By Alton SparksUniversity of GeorgiaControlling insects in your vegetable garden can be a challenge.From strictly nonchemical to “washday” applications ofinsecticides, the approaches to insect control are as varied asthe people who garden.last_img read more

Hort Shorts

first_imgUniversity of GeorgiaWhether you’re a veteran gardener or just taking it up, there’s a lot to learn out there. Fortunately, University of Georgia horticulturists will gladly share their expertise in the Horticulture Short Course in Griffin, Ga., this month.The short course will cover many topics on home gardens and landscapes. It will run from 1 to 4 p.m. on Tuesdays and Thursdays April 17, 19, 24 and 26 at Stuckey Auditorium on the UGA Griffin, Ga., campus.UGA horticulturist Bob Westerfield will coordinate the program. In the classes, you’ll learn how to: A $95 fee will cover all handouts and breaks. To register or learn more about the course, call (770) 229-3477 or e-mail Select the best, proven shrubs and trees.Plant, fertilize, prune and maintain landscape plants. read more

4-H20 Camp

first_imgThe University of Georgia C.M. Stripling Irrigation Research Park (SIRP), in Camilla, Georgia, provided heat relief for south Georgia 4-H’ers on Wednesday, June 3, during the annual 4-H20 Camp.More than 130 campers attended the second session of the three-day camp at SIRP. They learned about water conservation, water’s importance in agriculture and its environmental impact.“The camp is all about helping our 4-H students understand the importance of water to our region of the state, and why it’s important to protect it, conserve it and use it wisely, so it will be around for future use,” said Calvin Perry, SIRP superintendent.The camp is a collaborative effort coordinated every year by SIRP, Mitchell County Extension and the Flint RiverQuarium in Albany, Georgia. Mitchell County was one of 11 counties – the others being Baker, Calhoun, Colquitt, Crisp, Decatur, Dougherty, Lee, Mitchell, Quitman, Randolph, Sumter, Terrell and Worth – with 4-H’ers in attendance.“Our 4-H’ers enjoy group activities. They like to spend time with their friends from other counties and learn at the same time; 4-H20 is the perfect activity for that,” said Jennifer Grogan, Mitchell County Extension coordinator. “It is vital that youth learn about the importance of water for the growth of plants and southwest Georgia agriculture, while at the same time realizing that yes, plants need water but not too much.”This year marks the eighth year 4-H20 has been held. The camp started as a summer activity for Mitchell County 4-H’ers in 2008. Surrounding counties expressed interest in participating, and the following year, 4-H20 was turned into a districtwide camp. The camp started on Tuesday at the Flint RiverQuarium in Albany.On Wednesday at SIRP, the 4-H’ers learned about water’s importance to wildlife from Nick Fuhrman, an associate professor in UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Science. Also known as “Ranger Nick,” Fuhrman brought along animals native to Georgia to help him teach the children.Sylvia Davis, Baker County Extension’s family and consumer sciences agent, taught the importance of staying cool and hydrated with water during the hot Georgia summer.Wes Porter, UGA Extension irrigation specialist, showed the children an irrigation pivot and talked about water’s role in the growth of crops.“Unless children grow up on a farm, sometimes it’s hard to understand what goes into producing a crop. During this camp we specifically focused on water use and the importance of water in agriculture,” Porter said. “It’s easy to think that we don’t need irrigation, or that irrigation water is free and plentiful for everyone to use. Our main focus was informing the campers about the importance of our water resources and what we can do to conserve them.”On Thursday, the students met with Rome Ethredge, Seminole County Extension agent, at Andrews Lock and Dam on the Chattahoochee River. The camp concluded at a water park in Dothan, Alabama.For more about Georgia 4-H programs, go to read more


first_imgAs temperatures increase this spring, Georgia cabbage farmers should scout their crops regularly to ensure that disease pressure is not too high, says University of Georgia Cooperative Extension vegetable specialist Andre da Silva.If farmers are proactive and maintain proper pest management programs during the growing season, diseases like black rot and Alternaria leaf blight can be controlled, da Silva added.Symptoms of these disease are easy to identify in the field, but once identified, yield may have already been compromised. The increase in temperatures and rainfall can create perfect conditions for disease, and da Silva and Bhabesh Dutta, UGA Extension vegetable disease specialist, are currently tracking the emergence of the two diseases throughout south Georgia.“As we get to the summer — or later in the spring — the warmer temperatures increase the chance of these diseases,” he said. “If growers don’t pay attention and keep a proper pest management program, we might suffer a high loss.”According to the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, the farm gate value for cabbage in Georgia in 2017 was $53.6 million.Alternaria leaf blight can cause spots on some brassica crops and render them unmarketable. Symptoms first appear on older leaves as small, dark spots that gradually enlarge with concentric rings. As the disease gets worse, younger leaves become infected. Infection becomes more problematic in humid and wet conditions.Black rot causes v-shaped lesions on leaf edges which can lead to the plant’s death.Lack of proper irrigation scheduling could also lead to the appearance of these diseases, particularly due to the application of high volumes of water.“Since we’re starting to have warmer conditions with frequent rain showers, soil might have plenty of moisture to supply crop demand,” da Silva said. “There is no need to overirrigate, and if growers are irrigating their cabbage in those conditions, it’d create the perfect conditions for disease. That’s what we don’t want.”As part of his research on the UGA Tifton campus, da Silva is looking for cabbage varieties that are more disease tolerant or disease resistant.Until disease-resistant varieties are discovered, growers should keep these tips in mind when managing diseases in cabbage:Maintain a proper pest management program.Rotate chemical products to avoid disease resistance to a particular product.Change up irrigation schedules to apply water only when necessary.Frequently survey crops for symptoms.To learn how to identify rot, contact da Silva at 229386-3806 or For more information on the Department of Horticulture at UGA-Tifton, visit read more

Yield Maps

first_imgA cotton farmer who uses yield maps while harvesting this year’s crop could potentially increase yields next season while becoming more efficient with input costs, according to University of Georgia precision agriculture specialist Wes Porter.Yield monitors are a group of sensors installed on harvesting equipment that measure spatial yield variability. The data produces yield maps that provide a farmer with key information about the fields being harvested.Yield maps provide a visual image that clearly shows the variability of yields produced across a given field. While most growers have an idea of which parts of their fields produce high and low yields, yield maps quantify the data for growers.Porter, whose research in precision agriculture at UGA garnered him the Educator/Researcher Award from the PrecisionAg Institute this past July, believes that yield maps are designed to become an essential part of a farmer’s operation.“This data will answer the question, ‘Am I actually being profitable in this area or not?’ That will help the farmers make management decisions on inputs for the field. How do we want to manage that field next year to maximize profits?” Porter said. “If you’ve created a yield map from the data from your previous year, you can make decisions on what you want to do for the upcoming spring, especially if you have a couple of years of yield data from a couple of different crops. You can develop some yield stability zones.”With those zones established, farmers can answer questions like: Are there areas in the field that always produce high yields? Are there spots that always generate low yields? Were yields high one year and low the next? Farmers can use that data to formulate inputs on fertilization rates, seeding, irrigation and other production factors.“There’s a method that can be used across crops where we can compare crop to crop to crop as long as we’ve got yield data for it. This is the development of yield stability zones, which is an extremely powerful tool that we probably neglect a lot of times,” Porter said. Yield perspective is one area of precision agriculture we can really build a foundation from.”For more information about precision agriculture, see read more

Westaff acquires Synergy Staffing

first_imgWESTAFF ACQUIRES SYNERGY STAFFINGBurlington, Vermont — Westaff, provider of staffing services, ofBurlington, Vermont announced today the acquisition of the EssexJunction-based Synergy Staffing. The acquisition was completed onSeptember 15, 2004.³The acquisition has allowed a smaller, well-respected staffing service totake advantage of the employee benefits available to Westaff employees,²commented Dave Mount, Westaff CEO.As a result, former Synergy clients now have access to the larger staff ofpersonnel specialists and broader pool of talent available throughWestaff. In addition to 40 new clients, Westaff gained 60 employees withthe acquisition.A provider of essential staffing services including temporary,temp-to-hire and direct recruitment placement services, Westaff Burlingtonnow serves more than 250 clients locally. Westaff currently employs morethan 225 people full time in Chittenden County and is one of Vermont¹slargest employers with more than 375 employees statewide.Located at 74 Main Street, Westaff Burlington is headquarters to thecompany¹s largest single franchise with offices in Burlington and St.Johnsbury, Vermont; Plattsburgh, Albany and Schenectady, New York; andLebanon and Claremont, New Hampshire.Westaff annually employs approximately 270,000 people worldwide andservices approximately 25,000 clients from more than 360 offices locatedthroughout the United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. For moreinformation regarding Westaff¹s services, contact Nicole Clements at862-6500 or visit Westaff¹s Web site at is external).­ 30 ­last_img read more

Union Bank Opens St. Albans Loan Center

first_imgUnion Bank Opens St. Albans Loan CenterKen Gibbons, President & CEO of Union Bank, is pleased to announce theJanuary 28th opening of Union Bank’s new Loan Center, located in the SaintAlbans Professional Building, 120 North Main Street, downtown St. Albans.The Union Bank Loan Center is staffed by Mike Curtis, Vice President,Commercial Services, and Carol Allen, Commercial Lending Assistant – bothlong-time veterans of the St. Albans banking scene. Mike and Carol will beresponsible for cultivating and maintaining business relationships byproviding innovative and personalized financing solutions to clients inthe St. Albans area.Union Bank’s Loan Center will offer a variety of borrowing options,including commercial loans and lines of credit, small business loans,commercial real estate loans, equipment financing, residential mortgagesand construction loans – including Union Bank’s popular B.U.I.L.D. loan,as well as personal loans and lines of credit.Union Bank was founded in Morrisville in 1891. The Bank is one of aselect few in Vermont to consistently achieve the U.S. Small BusinessAdministration’s “Preferred Lender” status. In addition, Union Bank scoredan “Outstanding” rating on its Community Reinvestment Act examination, asadministered by the FDIC in June, 2004. For more information, please call(802) 888-6600 or visit is external) on the Internet.last_img read more

VT EPSCoR to Award SBIR Phase (0) Business Grants of up to $10,000

first_imgFor Immediate Release – January 24, 2005Contact: Lillian Gamache (802) 656-7969, sends e-mail), Vermont EPSCoR. University of Vermont. 528 Cook Physical Science Building. Burlington, VT 05405The Vermont Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (VT EPSCoR) once again will provide the opportunity for Vermont small businesses to compete for grants of up to $10,000 to foster research and development projects which will lead to application to the federal Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs.- Since 1992, Vermont EPSCoR has made 125 awards totaling over $1.2M to 75 companies across the state.- From 1984-2005, 51 Vermont businesses were awarded 165 Phase I grants and 64 Phase II grants, worth over $43M.- 21 of the 75 Phase 0 firms have gone on to win federal SBIR awards- Phase 0 companies account for 59% of all federal SBIR awards in Vermont (101 out of the 165 Phase I grants and 33 out of the 64 Phase II grantsVermont EPSCoR (Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research) has been supporting research in Vermont’s colleges and universities with funds from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and local sources since 1986. The impact of the EPSCoR program includes the private sector — particularly, small technology-based businesses.The deadline for electronic submission of SBIR Phase (0) awards is March 16, 2006. For more detailed information about the RFP please visit is external) ,call (802) 656-7969 or email sends e-mail).For more information about past awardees or related information for further publication, please contact Lillian Gamache at sends e-mail) or (802) 656-7969.###last_img read more

Apple Computer: A New Trends Setter in Computer World

first_imgApple Computer, Inc. is an American computer technology corporation, has been a major player in the evolution of personal computing since its founding in 1976Apple develops, sells, and supports a series of personal computers, portable media players, computer software, and computer hardware accessories. The company’smost well-known products are the Apple Macintosh line of personal computers, the iPod portable music player, and the iTunes media player.Apple introduced the Lisa, the first commercial personal computer to employ a graphical user interface, which was influenced in part by the Xerox Alto.In 1984, the Macintosh (commonly called the “Mac”) was introduced, furthering the concepts of a user-friendly graphical user interface, and also introducing themouse for the first time in a personal computer.In 1991, Apple introduced the PowerBook line of portable computers, establishing the modern ergonomic form and design that has since become ubiquitous in theportable market.In the 2000s, Apple expanded their focus on software to include professional and prosumer video, music, and photo production solutions, with a view to promotingtheir computers as a “digital hub”. It also introduced iPod, a portable digital music player which has become the most popular player on the market.Apple branched out into consumer electronics. One example of this product diversification was the Apple QuickTake digital camera, one of the first digital camerasever brought to the consumer market.Apple surprised its loyalists by allying with its long-time competitor IBM and CPU maker Motorola in the so-called AIM alliance. This was a bid to create a newcomputing platform (the PowerPC Reference Platform or PReP) which would use IBM and Motorola hardware coupled with Apple’s software. As the first steptoward launching the PReP platform, Apple started the Power Macintosh line in 1994, using IBM’s PowerPC processor. This processor utilized RISC architecture.Apple introduced a new all-in-one Macintosh reminiscent of the original Macintosh 128K: the iMac. it featured an innovative new translucent plastic exterior,originally in white and Bondi Blue, but later many other colors. The iMac proved phenomenally successful.Apple purchased the Final Cut software from Macromedia, beginning their entry into the digital video editing market. IMovie was released in 1999 for consumers,and Final Cut Pro, a significant video editing program was released for professionals in the same year.In later, Apple introduced Mac OS X, the operating system based on NeXT’s OPENSTEP and BSD Unix.On now days, apple releases its first Intel chip computer, a new note book computer known as the MacBook Pro and a new iMac. A leading online resource for buying Apple Parts. is the online catalog for Apple Parts by DV Warehouse.Due to increase in demand for many partsin many suppliers finds it profitable to sell their products online. The online dealers have their websites, which offer information on the various types of computer partsavailable for purchase. We have tried to accumulate the most complete online catalog of accessories, components, and parts on all Apple Computer Models. No matter which Apple computer you own, you’ll find the Apple service part that you are lookingfor here. We offer Apple parts for pretty much all Apple desktop & laptop computer models including G5’s, G4’s, G3’s, and legacy Power Mac models. If you don’tfind the Apple part you are looking for don’t hesitate to call us and speak with one of our Apple parts specialist.Author: Nivea DavidFor Listing visit is external) (A leading online resource for buying Apple Parts ) . You can also visit ourother site is external) which is a Custom Built Pro Workstations offering the latest in Computer Technologylast_img read more